IAF Seminar : A market-based approach to technological progress,
The training-workshop took place on 4-16 October 2015 at the International Academy for Leadership (IAF) Theodor-Heuss-Strabe Gummersbach Germany. All participants from the 21 Countries participated arrived at the venue on 4 October 2015, for briefing and a welcoming address by the Director of IAF, Bettina Solinger.
FNF Malaysia proudly delegated a competitive profile named Mohd Khairul Afiq Abdullah, the Assistant Programme Manager at the Institute for Leadership and Development Studies (LEAD) Malaysia. Below is the summary of his seminar report pertaining to the training workshop, excursion to the power plant in Hamburg as well as Hamm in Nordrhein Westfalen.
The objective of the seminar to outline the liberal link between free market policies and technological progress to elaborate how property right and the rule of law, prices and incentives – Characteristic of free market economy – prevent wasteful use of resources, curb pollution and environmental damage and conserve nature.
Fundamentally, the environmental technology (envirotech), green technology (greentech) or clean technology (cleantech) is the application of one or more of environmental science, green chemistry, environmental monitoring and electronic devices to monitor, model and conserve the natural environment and resources, and to curb the negative impacts of human involvement. The term is also used to describe sustainable energy generation technologies such as photovoltaics, wind turbines, bioreactors, etc. Sustainable development is the core of environmental technologies. Besides that, the term is also used to describe a class of electronic devices that can promote sustainable management of resources.During the workshop, we discuss further the application of renewable technology can serve to ensure sustainable resources and reduce carbon emissions. The EU is the world’s largest regional energy market, with 500 million people and 20 million companies. The European Union has proposed ambitious target in order to help the EU to become a competitive low-carbon economy. Member States have committed themselves to reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 20%, increasing the share of renewable in the EU’s energy mix to 20%, and achieving the 20% energy efficiency target, all by 2020.
Pic 1.0 – Writer is focusing on topics in the seminar
EXCURSION- Bonn, Hamburg.
Bonn-A visit to the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development; Head of Division 310 on 7 October 2015. We were given a briefing on the duties and projects implemented by the relevant Ministry of Environment; Sustainable use of Natural Resources; Marine Conservation and Biodiversity.
Hamburg/Juhnde- On the way to Hamburg on 10 October 2015 we went to the village of Jühnde to hear a briefing on Bioenergy. The explanation very interesting where the project is the result of ideas and interdisciplinary Centre for sustainable development of Gottingen University (IZNE). The people here want independence using the biogas from biomass production from CO2 neutral generation of electricity, protection of resources and climate as well as financial savings. The Initiative Bioenergy Village was founded in April 2001. They implement the Memorandum of Association to Cooperative as an operating company. All clients would join the cooperative as far as they want to use the heating system. The project resulted from the client is satisfied with the heating system in addition, it can also reduce CO2 low of 60% per household.
RWE Power Plant Westphalia, Hamm – We were taken to visit the RWE power plant and power plant operation information from a Tourist Guide with Mr. Hebling. RWE Power is Germany’s biggest power producer and a leading player in the extraction of energy raw materials. Our core business consists of low-cost, environmentally sound, safe and reliable generation of electricity and heat as well as fossil fuel extraction. They rely on a diversified primary energy mix of lignite and hard coal, nuclear power, gas and hydropower to produce electricity in the base, intermediate and peak load ranges. The power plant concept is marked by the aim of high net efficiency of generating electricity from the fuel and associated with this, lower specific emission, high plant availability, dependability as well as economic efficiency.
Based on workshops and visits to Hamburg, we discussed various issues relating liberal energy, environmental protection, economy, climate issue, Deforestation, water management, biodiversity, and resources. Various problems in the area by any participants from around the countries and discuss a solution through the approach of liberal. Some of comment and opinion that has been given the role and achievements of liberal on the issue of natural resources and the environment is:
- Liberal policies do not focus on prohibition, but on incentives – on rewarding certain kinds of behavior over others.
- Prices and property ownership – Play a central role in regulating human behavior. Where there are no prices and no property rights, there is little or nothing of substance to protect and preserve natural resources.
- Rule of law and law enforcement – Recognition of property rights or the strengthening of property rights will only have the desired effect if the law is enforced.
- Market Economy – Subsidies send the wrong signals and distort markets. If markets left to themselves result in higher fuel prices, the effect will be to encourage more efficient use of fuel. This is good for the environment and contributes towards limiting greenhouse gas emissions.
- Trust in Human ingenuity – When faced with problems, we must try to find appropriate solutions and, in order to do this, we should encourage entrepreneurship, creativity and thinking “outside the box”. Solutions often come from unexpected quarters and not from governments, leaders and experts. This is one of the most important reasons for promoting an “open society” in which ideas can flow freely
- Open Debate – To discuss environmental issues must believe in freedom of speech.
- Individual Responsibility – Social responsibility is often just a slogan with very little real meaning. Everyone has a different understanding of the term. You are rarely punished if you are “socially irresponsible”
- Act locally, use local knowledge (decentralized approach) – Local knowledge is the knowledge accumulated through many generations trying to come to terms with the local environment and earning a living in this environment. Success in managing environmental challenges requires a bonding between local knowledge and new techniques/technologies. Imposition rarely works. Cooperation often does.
- Progress – Liberals are optimistic about the progress. Science and economic growth will help us solve environmental problems and problems associated with climate change.
This is my first trip to the western world, and my first international exposure outside Malaysia. It was really an eye-opening for myself. I would like to express my sincere thank you to the Institute for Leadership and Development Studies (LEAD), Malaysia for nominating me, and surely to Friedrich-Naumann Stiftung (FNS) for the opportunity to learn and empower myself.